How Hard is it to Climb Mount Ararat

How difficult is Mount Ararat

Mount Ararat

What is the difficulty level of Two Ararat Tours?

How difficult is Mount Ararat

Climbers attempting to reach the Ararat summit took a break at an altitude of 4.700 meters in the morning.

Ascending Mount Ararat is widely recognized as a highly challenging endeavor due to a variety of factors that demand careful consideration. One of the primary aspects to factor in is the mountain’s towering altitude, which poses significant difficulties, especially for those who rapidly ascend from sea level. The strain of prolonged hiking, often underestimated by climbers, necessitates not only a high level of physical fitness but also meticulous planning for proper nutrition. Additionally, ensuring proper acclimatization, addressing restroom needs, and maintaining adequate hydration throughout the climb are further challenges that must be taken into account. Even experienced climbers must confront the unpredictable nature of the weather on Mount Ararat, including the presence of strong winds, heavy rain, and dense fog, particularly at higher elevations. Consequently, meticulous preparation and utmost caution are indispensable for ensuring a successful and safe climbing experience on Mount Ararat. Overall, the difficulty level of this mountain should not be underestimated and proper precautions should always be taken to ensure a safe and enjoyable climb.

In Ararat climbs, selecting appropriate clothing and equipment based on weather conditions is vital.

Click here for the essential equipment list for Mount Ararat climbs.

Mount Ararat’s skiing tours in March and April are relatively easy with good weather conditions and proper fitness. Climbing in May, especially on foot, is the most challenging ascent of the mountain. Summer season climbs in June and September are generally easier compared to skiing and winter climbs. October ascents have a moderate level of difficulty.

Every year, many amateur mountaineers successfully reach the summit, and the success rate for reaching the summit of Mount Ararat is approximately 80%. We are here to ensure that you have an enjoyable and successful climb, minimizing the impact of natural conditions. However, if your personal equipment, motivation, and conditioning are not suitable for prolonged hikes at high altitudes, your chances of reaching the summit are low.

Nevertheless, we guarantee our continuous support for a second climb on the mountain. The mountain will always be there; there is no need to push yourself too hard, be unhappy, or engage in a meaningless competition against nature.

How difficult is Mount Ararat

Ararat Summit Triumph: Embracing the Achievement

Getting our bodies accustomed to the altitude of Mount Ararat actually begins when we land because the city of Doğubayazıt, where the mountain is located, is at an altitude of 1,600 meters. You will spend your first night at your hotel at this altitude. You will spend your second night at the main campsite at an altitude of 3,200 meters. On the third day, you will ascend to 4,200 meters, then descend again to 3,200 meters, and spend another night here. Spending your fourth day at 4,200 meters, you will climb to the summit at midnight, then descend again to 4,200 meters. From there, descending to 3,200 meters, you will spend your last night on the mountain, and the next day, you will reach the city to conclude your mountain journey. You can read detailed information, about Two Ararat climatization exercises, and the importance of Acclimatization days by clicking on this link.

As you can see, by staying at different altitudes each day and performing acclimatization ascents, we can overcome one of the mountain’s major challenges. Only the weather conditions remain to be considered.

Difficulty Level of Climbing Mount Ararat and Challenging Factors

Altitude Challenge:

Difficulty Level of Climbing Mount Ararat and Challenging Factors:The difficulty level of climbing Mount Ararat is challenging, especially considering the altitude. The summit of Mount Ararat reaches an impressive 5,137 meters. Climbers must contend with reduced oxygen levels and harsh atmospheric conditions at such high altitudes. Oxygen supplementation is not required on Mount Ararat, and altitude sickness is rare, with individuals being rapidly descended if symptoms occur. Climbers may experience symptoms of altitude sickness, including headaches, nausea, and fatigue. For more information, you can read the page we shared about High Altitude Diseases and Acute Mountain Sickness by clicking here

Climate Conditions:

The mountain’s elevated altitude combines with variable weather conditions. Ascents often encounter severe winds, heavy snowfall, and low temperatures.

You can find the most accurate weather forecast for the summit and camps of Mount Ararat by clicking on this link.

To check the weather forecast for the city of Dogubayazit, you can visit the following link provided by the Turkish Republic State Meteorological Service.

The climate conditions on Mount Ararat can vary significantly depending on the elevation and the time of year.


Summer: At lower elevations, temperatures can be warm, ranging from mild to hot, with temperatures often exceeding 30°C (86°F) in the summer months.
Winter: As you ascend the mountain, temperatures drop significantly. At higher elevations, especially near the summit, temperatures can fall well below freezing, and snow and ice are common.

Please note that these are rough estimates, and actual temperatures can vary from year to year. Additionally, temperatures at higher elevations, especially near the summit, can be much colder than those at lower altitudes.

Ararat Mountain Summit Temperatures:

The temperatures at the summit of Mount Ararat are typically quite low, especially during the winter months. The high altitude and the mountainous climate in the region create a cold and continental environment. Even during the summer months, temperatures at the summit often remain below freezing.
For instance, during the winter, temperatures at the summit of Mount Ararat can drop to as low as -20°C. However, these temperatures can vary depending on the specific weather conditions and the particular year.

Wind and Wind Speed:

Wind is commonly observed as a significant meteorological factor on Mount Ararat. Winds on the summit of Mount Ararat, influenced by the high altitude and mountainous terrain, can vary based on the season, time, and weather conditions.
Generally, the winds on the summit can be strong. The wind tends to as the altitude, especially at 4,500 meters and even more forcefully at the summit.” The combination of high altitude, cold air masses, and the mountainous landscape contribute to increased wind speeds.

Winter (December to February):

Winter temperatures on Mount Ararat can be extremely cold, with temperatures often dropping well below freezing. At higher elevations, especially near the summit, temperatures can be severe, and snow and ice are common.

Low-altitude areas: -10°C to 5°C (14°F to 41°F)
Higher elevations (near the summit): -20°C to -5°C (-4°F to 23°F)

Spring (March to May):

Spring is a transitional season, and temperatures start to rise. However, it can still be quite chilly, especially at higher elevations. Snow may persist into the early spring, gradually melting as temperatures increase.

Low-altitude areas: 0°C to 15°C (32°F to 59°F)
Higher elevations: -10°C to 5°C (14°F to 41°F)

Summer (June to August):

Summer temperatures on Mount Ararat are more moderate, with warmer conditions at lower elevations. However, even in summer, temperatures at higher altitudes can be very cold, so visitors should be prepared for a wide range of temperatures.

Low-altitude areas: 10°C to 25°C (50°F to 77°F)
Higher elevations: -5°C to 15°C (32°F to 59°F)

Autumn (September to November):

Autumn is another transitional season, with temperatures starting to decrease. The weather can be unpredictable, and snow may begin to fall at higher elevations toward the end of the season.

Low-altitude areas: 0°C to 15°C (32°F to 59°F)
Higher elevations: -10°C to 5°C (14°F to 41°F)

“Keep in mind that these are general trends, and specific weather conditions can vary. Climbers and hikers should always be prepared for rapidly changing weather, especially as they ascend to higher altitudes.”


Seasonal Variation:

Like many mountainous regions, Mount Ararat exhibits distinct seasonal changes in precipitation. Winters are typically colder, with snowfall common at higher elevations, while summers can see more rainfall.

Winter Snowfall:

During the winter months, especially at higher altitudes, Mount Ararat experiences significant snowfall. The snow cover on the mountain can persist for an extended period, creating challenging conditions for climbers.

Summer Rainfall:

In the warmer months, especially during late spring and summer, Mount Ararat may experience rainfall. However, the precipitation levels are generally lower compared to winter.

Local Climate Influence:

The surrounding geography and local climate conditions play a role in shaping Mount Ararat’s weather patterns. The mountain’s proximity to the Armenian Plateau and the influence of the Mediterranean climate contribute to its unique meteorological characteristics.

Physical Preparedness:

Climbing Mount Ararat demands endurance, strength, and resilience. You may not have climbed a mountain at this altitude before, but to increase your chances of success in a climb that involves long hikes without technical climbing, consider engaging in long walks and exercises in your area. If possible, climb to higher elevations in the vicinity. We have prepared a sample exercise program for you, which you can read by clicking here.